Article by Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) and Dr Manasa, BAMS
Nabhi Purana is an Ayurvedic treatment method. Here, navel pit is filled with medicaments, mainly medicated oils. It is mainly indicated in treating Vata and Pitta disorders.
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Method of Nabhi Poorana
In this procedure medicated oils, mainly the Vata alleviating oils like Mahanarayana Taila, Ksheerabala Taila, Gandharvahastadi Taila, Brihat Masha Taila, Hingu Triguna Taila etc are instilled in the form of drops until the pit of the navel gets filled. In pitta predominant conditions Ghrita may be used or medicated ghrita (ghee) shall be mixed with taila to make effective combination.
The oils are made lukewarm before administration.
Warm oil is instilled in the nabhi using a sterile spoon or dropper. Care is taken not to spill the oil. The patient is advised to sleep without making movements. The oil is kept in place from 30-45 minutes depending on the condition of the diseased and diseased.
The oil may be removed after a period of 30-45 minutes. The treatment is best done on empty stomach and avoided after food.
Benefits of Nabhi Poorana
This is mostly done to combat vitiated Vata, especially Apana and Samana subtypes of Vata.
Nabhi Purana is highly beneficial in Vata induced painful conditions of the abdomen especially pain associated with colic, uterine pain or spasms due to dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation), urinary bladder pain and dysuria (painful urination), gaseous distension and bloating etc.
Nabhi Purana helps in expelling the apana vayu. Thus it may help in relieving constipation and gases in colon, setting right the functions of urinary bladder, bowel and uterus.
Nabhi Purana corrects functions of Samana Vayu and thus helps in correcting impairment of digestion. It may thus help in correcting digestive errors like indigestion and anorexia, which are roots of many disorders.
Nabhi Purana controls the Pitta and hence the pitta sthanas (pitta sites or seats of pitta). It also combats morbid pitta and regulates pitta activities, mainly those related with digestive functions.
My clinical experience with Nabhi Purana
I have tackled a few cases of painful conditions of abdomen, and disorders related with disturbances of pachaka pitta (pitta subtype located in the stomach and intestines taking part in digestive functions) and apana vayu (vayu subtype located below navel region in the region of colon and pelvis including the regions of urinary bladder and uterus).
Nabhi purana with Mahanarayana Taila has time and again given relief in dysmenorrhoea, abdominal colic occurring due to peptic ulcers and high pitta. I have used Gandharvahastadi taila and or Hingutriguna Tailam nabhi purana for gaseous distension, abdominal colic, bloating and constipation. Nabhi Purana with oils help in mitigating vitiated Vata and Pitta.
I should admit that I have used some disease modifying herbal compounds along with Nabhi Purana in few stubborn cases.
In few more I have combined Virechana using Gandharvahastadi tailam, Nimbamritadi Eranda Tailam, Trivrit Leham, Avipatti Churnam, Sukumara Ghritam, Hingutriguna Tailam etc compounds.
Oral medicines which combat pain and vitiated vata and pitta like Shankha Vati, Gandharvahastadi Kashayam, Shulavajrini Vati, Gulmakuthara Rasa, Vatavidhwamsa Ras etc were administered as per condition.
In some cases only nabhi purana was enough. Ultimately it is wise to chose doing nabhi purana individually or in combination with effective medicines seeing the severity of the condition and dosha vitiation. The cause of pain should be analyzed and a perfect diagnosis should be made before choosing to opt Nabhi Purana. Nabhi Purana shall not be tried in complicated abdominal cases and emergency conditions. The patient shall be referred to the specialties if the pain abdomen is not getting controlled in spite of administering Nabhi Purana and oral medications.
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