Marmas of Upper And Lower Limbs: ShakaGata Marmas

Article by Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) and Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Shaka Gata Marmas are the Marmas (vital points, delicate areas, points of the body causing death or damage or deformity when injured) located in the limbs.

Each Limb has 11 Marmas. This makes a total of 44 Marmas in all the 4 limbs.

Location, number

Marmas, their location and number

Marmas in Upper Limb

Kshipra – located between thumb and fingers  – 2 in number, injury leads to convulsions and death. It is a type of Snayu Marma and Kaalantara Praanahara Marma.

Talahridaya – Located at the Middle of palm – 2 in number – Injury leads to pain and death. It is a type of Mamsa Marma and Kaalantara Praanahara Marma.

Koorcha – Located proximal to Koorcha – 2 in number – Injury leads to irregularity of hands and tremors of hand

Koorchashira – Located distal to Wrist Joint – 2 in number – Injury leads to pain and edema. It is a type of Snayu Marma and Rujaakara Marma

Manibandha – Located at wrist Joint – 2 in number – Injury leads to deformity of hand. It is a type of Sandhi Marma and Rujaakara Marma

Indrabasti – Located  at middle of forearm on front side – 2 in number – Injury leads to  death due to hemorrhage. It is a type of Mamsa Marma and Kaalantara Praanahara Marma.

Koorpara – Located  in elbow joints – 2 in number – Injury leads to  functional deformity. It is a type of Snayu Marma and Vaikalyakara Marma. It is a type of Sandhi Marma and Vaikalyakara Marma

Aani – Located above elbow joint, in the arm – 2 in number – Injury leads to  edema and rigidity of arm. It is a type of Snaayu Marma and Vaikalyakara Marma

Baahvi – Located  at the middle of the arm – 2 in number – Injury leads to emaciation of arm due to blood loss. It is a type of Siraa Marma and Vaikalyakara Marma

Lohitaksha – Located above Baahvi Marma and below shoulder joint – 2 in number – Injury leads to paralysis of limb due to blood loss. It is a type of Siraa Marma and Vaikalyakara Marma.

Kakshadhara – Located between thorax and axilla – 2 in number – Injury leads to paralysis of limb due to blood loss. It is a type of Snayu Marma and Vaikalyakara Marma

Marmas in Lower Limb

Kshipra – Located between big toe and fingers – 2 in number – Injury leads to convulsions and death. It is a type of Snayu Marma and Kaalantara Praanahara Marma

Talahridaya – Located in middle of sole – 2 in number – Injury leads to  pain and death. It is a type of Mamsa Marma and Kaalantara Praanahara Marma

Koorcha – Located proximal to Koorcha – 2 in number – Injury leads to irregularity of hands and tremors of hand. It is a type of Snayu Marma and Vaikalyakara Marma

Koorchashira – Located distal to Ankle Joint – 2 in number – Injury leads to pain and edema. It is a type of Snayu Marma and Rujaakara Marma

Gulpha Located at the ankle Joint – 2 in number – Injury leads to deformity of hand, Pain, stiffness. It is a type of Sandhi Marma and Rujaakara Marma.

Indrabasti – Located at the middle of leg in line with medial malleolus – 2 in number – Injury leads to death due to hemorrhage. It is a type of Mamsa Marma and Kaalantara Praanahara Marma

Jaanu Located in the knee joints – 2 in number – Injury leads to functional deformity. It is a type of Sandhi Marma and Vaikalyakara Marma.

Aani – Located above knee joint, in the thigh – 2 in number – Injury leads to edema and rigidity of thigh. It is a type of Snaayu Marma and Vaikalyakara Marma

Oorvi Located at the middle of the thigh – 2 in number – Injury leads to emaciation of thigh due to blood loss. It is a type of Siraa Marma and Vaikalyakara Marma

Lohitaksha – Located above Oorvi Marma and below hip joint – 2 in number – Injury leads to paralysis of limb due to blood loss. It is a type of Siraa Marma and Vaikalyakara Marma.

Vitapa Located between groin and testes (scrotum) – 2 in number – Injury leads to impotency and Infertility. It is a type of Snayu Marma and Vaikalyakara Marma

Categorization based on structure

Categorization of 11 Shaka Gata Marmas based on their structure
Mamsa Marmas – 02 in number – Talahridaya, Indrabasti
Siraa Marmas – 02 in number – Baahvi (UL) / Oorvi (LL), Lohitaaksha
Snayu Marmas – 05 in number – Kshipra, Koorcha, Koorchashira, Aani, Kakshadhara (UL) / Vitapa (LL)
Sandhi Marmas – 02 in number – Manibandha (UL) / Gulpha (LL), Koorpara (UL) / Jaanu (LL)

Categorization based on effect of injury

Categorization of 11 Shaka Gata Marmas based on the effect of injury of the Marma
Kaalantara Praanahara – 03 in number – Kshipra, Talahridaya, Indrabasti
Vaikalyakara – 06 in number – Koorcha, Koorpara (UL) / Jaanu (LL), Aani, Baahvi (UL) / Oorvi (LL), Lohitaaksha, Kakshadhara (UL) / Vitapa (LL)
Rujaakara – 02 in number – Koorchashiraa, Manibandha (UL) / Gulpha (LL)
Sadyopranahara and Vishalyaghna marma – nil.

Note –
UL – Upper Limb
LL – Lower Limb

Meaning of related terms

Meanings of terms related to the ‘structures involved in Marma’
Mamsa Marma – predominantly made up of Mamsa (Mamsa – Muscle)
Siraa Marma – predominantly made up of Siraa (Siraa – Blood vessels, Veins)
Snayu Marma – predominantly made up of Snayu (Snayu – Ligaments, tendons, fibrous tissue)
Asthi Marma – predominantly made up of Asthi (Asthi – Bones)
Sandhi Marma – predominantly made up of Sandhi (Sandhi – Joints)

Meanings of terms related to ‘effect of damage of marmas’
Sadhyo Praanahara Marmas – Marmas which take away the life immediately on getting injured
Kaalantara Praanahara Marmas – Marmas which gradually take away the life (in due course of
time) on getting injured

Vaikalyakara Marmas – Marmas which cause deformity of structures on getting injured
Rujaakara Marmas – Marmas which cause severe pain on getting injured
Vishalyaghna Marmas – Marmas which cause death once the foreign body impacted at the site of Marma has been removed
Click to Consult Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ayu)

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