By Dr MS Krishnamurthy MD (Ayu), PhD
Sadabahar – Vinca plant is now well known in modern medicine. Vincristine and Vinblastine, extracted from these plants are used in cancer treatment. The plant is called Sadapushpa in Sanskrit, which means that is ‘ever blooming’.
Botanical name: Vinca rosea, Catharanthus roseus G. Don
Family: Apocyanaceae family.
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The plant is recognized by different names as below-
Kannada-Sadapushpa,Masanada hoo,Sanna kanagile
English- Madagascar Periwinkle.
In 1950s the plant was studied for its medicinal properties and they identified four important compounds out of which two important alkaloids, vincristine and vinblastine are still used for treatment of certain blood cancers. The other mportant chemical components are ajmalicine, reserpine, serpentine, catharanthaine, lochnerin, lochnericine, vinorelbine, vindesine, vincamine and vinorelbine. The efforts are being carried to use the Periwinkle extract/alkaloids in the treatment of various grave ill-health conditions like malignant lymphomas, neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, leukaemia, Hodgkin’s disease, Kaposi’s sarcoma, etc.
This made the modern world to peep into the depth of the plant in various other respects also. Among them anti hypertensive, anti-depression, anti-diabetic properties are found out and hence the crude plant is also used in various concerned disorders and symptom complex conditions.
1. Sadabahar home remedies:
The leaves of Sadapushpa are taken along with turmeric and fine paste is made. This is applied on the wounds2 to 3 times a day. This serves as a good wound healer.
2. Root powder in Type II DM:
The fresh roots are collected and washed thoroughly. This is dried under shade and fine powder is made. 250-500 mg (1-2 pinch) of this powder is taken along with little honey. This has potent effect against type II DM.
3. Leaf juice in borderline Hypertension:
White variety of periwinkle is selected and its 5 fresh leaves are collected. This is pounded well and fresh juice is obtained. 2-3 ml of this juice is taken in the early morning or in late nights. This helps to control the blood pressure.
4. Leaf decoction in irregular menstruation:
6 to 8 fresh leaves of the plant are boiled with 2 cup of water and reduced to half a cup. This is taken regularly for three consecutive menstrual cycles. This controls the heavy menstrual flow and regularizes scanty flow too. This kind of folk practice is evident in Sirsi, Honnavar, Bhatkal, Ellapur places of Karnataka.
5.Sadabahar flower remedy for nasal and mouth bleeding:
Sadabahar flower and pomegranate tender buds are taken and fresh juice is obtained. This is instilled to the nostrils in case of nasal bleeding. If it is retained in the mouth bleeding gums, mouth ulcers and sore throats are also relieved.
6. Local application in Insect and wasp bites:
Fresh juice/fine paste of the leaves if applied to the bite area of the insects and wasps. This reduces irritation and swelling.
7. Fine paste of vinca, neem and turmeric in acne and related skin scars:
Equal quantity of fresh leaves of vinca and neem and turmeric fresh rhizome are taken and fine paste is made. This is applied over the acne lesions and skin scars. Regular application gives excellent results in this condition.
As the plant Sadabahar is hot in potency and loaded with multiple chemical constituents it should be used with utmost care. Even while using as a home remedy also enough care should be taken among the people who are sensitive to its few of the chemical constituents. Especially the pregnant/lactating mothers, who are the victims of ulcer or acid peptic disorders are better to avoid it.
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