Padmaka – Prunus cerasoides: Uses, Dose, Research, Side Effects

Padmaka- Prunus cerasoides,  is an Ayurvedic herb used for the treatment of skin diseases, increasing the complexion and used as uterine tonic. It is also known as Wild Himalayan Cherry. 
Latin Name- Prunus puddum Roxb. (Prunus cerasoides Don.)
Family- Rosaceae (Taruni Kula)

Wild Himalayan Cherry - Padmaka

Padmaka is a medium to a tall growing tree growing naturally in the Himalayan belt of India at an altitude of 5000-8000 feet. The trunk is pale reddish with nodules and smells resembling that of lotus. The flowers are white or pinkish in color.

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
Hindi Name- Padmakh, Padmak
English Name- Bird Cherry, Wild Himalayan Cherry, Sour cherry
Telugu Name- Padma Kashtam
Malayalam Name- Padimukham
Gujarati Name- Padmakashta
Khumayun Name- Payiyan
Bengali Name- Padam

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Prunus cerasoides

Sanskrit synonyms

Padmaka- Similar to lotus flower
Padmagandhi- Smelling like lotus
Suprabha, Vimala, Charu – the tree is very attractive to look at. 
Padmakashta, Padmavarna,  Maruchitra, Marudbhava
Peetarakta, Hemavarnaka, – reddish yellow / golden colour
Patala Pshpavarnaka
Sitavirya – Padmaka has cold in potency
Hima padmaka – Grows in Himalayan region
Malaya – grows in Himalayan regions

Classical categorization

Charaka-
Vedanasthapana mahakashaya (Group of herbs useful in relieving pain),
Kashaya skanda (astringent tasting group of herbs)
Sushruta- Sarivadi gana,Chandanadi gana
Bhavaprakasha- Karpooradi varga
Dhanwantari Nighantu- Chandanadi varga
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu- Oushadi varga
Raja Nighantu- Chandanadi varga

Prunus puddum

Properties, part used, dosage

Padmaka medicina Properties
Rasa (taste) – Kashaya (astringent), Tikta – bitter
Guna (qualities) – Laghu – light to digest, Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Sheeta – Coolant
Karma- Kapha- Pittahara, (Reduces the increased Kapha and Pitta dosha)
Garbhasthapana (helps in conception by preparing the uterus)
Pharmacological actions – Anti bacterial, Anti microbial, Anti inflammatory

Part used- Stem bark, Seeds
Dosage– Heartwood powder 1-3 g
Decoction- 40-50 ml in divided dose

Sanskrit verse

Prunus cerasoides uses

Chemical composition

Chemical composition of Prunus cerasoides:
The plant contains a flavone glucoside- puddumin-A. The bark of the root contains bita-sitosterol, stigmasterol, ursolic acid, prunetinoside, glucogenkwanin and neosakuranin. Seeds contain flavonoid glycosides. The leaves, twigs, bark and kernels contain a cyanogenetic substance.

Uses, indications

Ayurvedic uses and indications:
Visarpa – herpes
Daha –  burning sensation, as in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes etc
Visphota – boils, blisters
Kushta – skin diseases
Asra – blood disorders such as abscess, skin disorders, bleeding disorders such as menorrhagia, nasal bleeding etc.
Visha – Toxic conditions, poisoning
Trushna – excessive thirst
Raktapitta –Bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc
Jwara – fever
Chardi – Vomiting
Moha – dizziness, delusion
Bhranti – dizziness, insanity
Garbha Samsthapana – protects pregnancy

  • The powder of the plant Padmaka is applied in the form of paste in the treatment of skin diseases, to improve the complexion of skin, to treat herpes.
  • The heartwood of the plant Prunus puddum is used to treat vomiting, nausea and gastritis. The powder is given in dosage of 3-5 g.
  • The dried powder of the seed of Prunus puddum is given in dosage of 3-5 g to treat renal stones.
  • The decoction of Padmaka is given in divided dose of 40-50 ml per day to treat bleeding per vagina, weakness of the uterus and to prepare the uterus for conceiving the foetus.
  • The bark or the heartwood of Padmaka is added to boiling water. The boiled water is given to patients suffering from excessive sweating, burning sensation of the whole body and to treat fever.

Ayurvedic formulations

Important formulations containing Padmaka:
Chandanadi taila- It is an Ayurvedic oil used to treat burning sensation, dizziness, nasal bleeding.
Mahabringaraj oil– An ayurvedic oil which is used to treat hair fall, headache, pain and stiffness of neck.
Jatyadi Oil- It is an ayurvedic oil preparation which is beneficial in the treatment of wounds, ulcers. This formulation is used for external purpose.
Triphaladi oil- It is an ayurvedic oil used for external application to treat hair fall, sinusitis, neck pain.
Stanyajanana rasayana- It is an ayurvedic formulation in the form of confectionery to benefit lactating mothers for increasing the breast milk, immunity and body strength.
Bala oil-  It is an oil to treat Vata diseases,vomiting, cough, cold, asthma, wound, emaciation etc. The oil is used both externally and internally.
Grahanimihira oil-  Ayurvedic oil used in the treatment of diarrhea, fever, cough, etc. This oil is used both for external and internal administration.

Research, Side effects

Research articles related to Prunus paddum:
Wound healing property- The ointment prepared from the plant Prunus paddum showed wound healing action in human population.

Side effects:
There are no known side effects with this herb.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Author:
Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D. Email: E mail: [email protected]

Morphology

Habit – Tree with pale red wood
Bark – Smooth, brown in colour
Leaves – Simple, alternate, acuminate, one or more glands on the petiole
Flowers – White, pink or crimson coloured
Fruits – Ovoid or globose, drupes yellow or red seeds ovoid

Utpathi Sthana (Distribution)

Himalayan regions – Kashmir, Sikkim, Bhutan

Sthanika Karma (Systemic Action)

External Application – Imparts complexion, Reduce itching, indicated in skin diseases, reduce burning sensation
Internal administration-
Nervous System – Bark has pain reliving property so that indicated in various painful conditions related to nervous system
Digestive System – Being Kashaya in taste in act as absorbent, and indicated in vomiting, thirst etc.
Circulatory System – Being Kashaya in taste it has pitta reducing property. Styptic action and indicated in bleeding disorders, and kaphapitta type of hridroga
Excretory System – its seed has diuretic action. Seed pulp is indicated in Urinary calculi
Reproductive system – It has cold in potency and Astringent in taste, so act as garbha sthapana (Helps to retain pregnancy). indicated in threatened abortion, uterine weakness etc.
Satmikarana – Anti poisonous
Tvak (Skin) – Indicated in skin diseases, over sweating conditions
Tapakrama – Reduce fever, Helps to remove metabolic wastes

Controversy

Padmaka is interpreted as Padma prapaundarika. It is also considered as Elavaluka. So far Padmaka is universally accepted as Prunus cerasoides.

4 thoughts on “Padmaka – Prunus cerasoides: Uses, Dose, Research, Side Effects”

    • I have read about its usage in skin cancer and brain cancer (glioblastoma).
      It may be useful in treating liver cancer as well.

      Reply

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