Tinisha – Ogeinia dalbergioides Uses, Dose, Research

Tinisha – Ougeinia dalbergioides  is an Ayurveda herb used in the treatment of Vitiligo, diabetes, anemia, non healing wounds and ulcers. The wood from this tree was used previously to make the wheels of chariot. Botanical Name- Lagerstroemia speciosa, Ougeinia dalbergioides Benth.
Synonyms: Ougeinia oojeinensis Roxb.
Family- FABACEAE

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
Hindi Name- Sadana
Malayala Name- Malavenna
Telugu Name- NemmiChettu
Kannada-Kurimutala
Tamil Name- Narivengai

Sanskrit synonyms

Syandana, Sarvasara, Ashmagarbha, Shukra Samvarana, Nemi, Shakata, Bhasmagarbha, Meshi, Jaladhara
Rathi, Ratha, Rathadru, Rathvruksha- The wood is strong and hence used to build the wheels of chariot (ratha).
Vanyataru- Tree found in the forests

Categorization

Classical categorization:
Sushruta- Salasaradi gana
Vagbhata- Asanadi gana
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu- Oushadivarga
Raja Nighantu- Prabadradivarga

Systemic classification: 
Kingdom: Plantae
Sub kingdom: Phanerogamia
Division: Angiospermia
Class: Dicotyledons
Subclass: Calyciflora
Natural order: Leguminosae
Sub Order: Papilionaceae

Habitat, chemical constituents

Habitat-
The tree of Tinisa grows up to a height of 10-15 m in the mountain regions northern and central parts of India with pale pink colored flowers in bunches.
Properties
Rasa (Taste) – Kashaya – astringent
Veerya (Potency) – Sheeta – cold
Guna (Qualities) –Laghu – light for digestion, Ruksa- dry in nature
Vipaka- Katu- pungent after digestion
Karma- Kapha- Pitta hara, Medohara

Ougeinia oojeinensis Major chemical constituents:
The leaves and heartwood of Tinisha contain iso-flavinoids-dalbergion, hemoferitin and urgenin. Leaves also contain the flavonoids- kaempferol, quercetin and leucopelargonidin. The stem bark contains lupeol, botulin and about 7% tannins. The heartwood also contains oujenin and homoferreirin.

Sanskrit verse

TInisha uses

Dosage, part used

Dosage: 40-50 ml of decoction in divided doses
Paste of the bark is used for external application

Useful part-The heart wood and bark are the useful parts of the tree Ougeinia dalbergioides

Uses, Effect on Doshas

Uses of the Tinisha:
The paste of the bark is applied externally to treat wounds, swollen joints and skin diseases like vitiligo, scabies
Decoction is prepared from the bark or the heartwood of OugenisdalberioidesBenth. along with bark of priyala (Buchanania lanzan ), shalmali (Shalmalia malabarica), plaksha (Ficus lacor). The prepared decoction is given along with honey in a divided dose of 40-50 ml in diarrhea, bleeding piles.

The decoction of the heartwood is given in a dosage of 40-50 ml in divided doses in fever, burning sensation of the body and soles of the foot.
The decoction of tinisha is used as a rejuvenator i.e to strengthen the nerves.
The heartwood decoction is given in patients suffering from diabetes.

Effect on Tridosha- Tinisha is kapha pitta shamaka (reduces the vitiated kapha and pitta dosha)

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Ayurveda medicines

Ayurveda medicines containing Tinisha:
(Click on the medicine name to know more about them)
Asanadi Kashayam – 
used in the treatment of diabetes, skin diseases and obesity etc.
Ayaskriti – used in anemia, weight loss therapy, skin diseases etc.

Research works

  • The extract of the whole plant tinisa showed anti-inflammatory, hypotensive, hepato protective action
  • The methanol extract of the leaves of tinsia plant showed anti-microbial activity.
  • In an experimental study carried in mice, the ethanol extract of the bark of the plant showed anti- depressant activity.
  • The bark and root extract of the plant showed anti diabetic properties in the experimental studies carried in rats.

Author:
Dr.B.K.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D, E mail: [email protected] and Dr Hebbar

2 thoughts on “Tinisha – Ogeinia dalbergioides Uses, Dose, Research”

  1. Is the herb readily available in the market by the same name ? Is it available like GILOY KWATH or LICORICE KWATH ?

    Reply

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