Shanapushpi – Crotalaria verrucosa Uses, Research

Shanapuspi – Crotalaria verrucosa is used as an emetic herb in Vamana treatment. It is useful for treating indigestion, laryngitis, Kapha and Pitta imbalance disorders. 

Botanica name- Crotalaria Verrucosa Linn.
Family- Fabaceae

Classification

Kingdom – Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom – Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision – Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division – Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class – Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass – Rosidae
Order – Fabals
Family – Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family
Genus – Crotalaria L.– rattlebox
Species – Crotalaria verrucosa L.– blue rattlesnake

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
English name – Blue Rattlepod, Purple popbush, Shack-shack, Blue-flowered Rattlepod
Hindi name- Sanayi, Jhanjhaniya, Jhun Jhunia (झुनझुनिया)
Marathi name- Ghagri,  सागर ताग Sagar tag,
Tamil name – Gilugiluppai
Telugu name – Ghelegherinta
Kannada name –  Gijigiji gida

Sanskrit Synonyms

Ghanta, Alpa Ghantika, Ghantarava- fruits with seeds inside produce sound
Ghanta pushpa, Malyapushpi, Shanaghantika, Mahashana, Sthoolaphala

Crotalaria Verrucosa chemical composition:
Flowers- A flavonal glycoside is isolated
Seeds- Crotalaburine(alkolid),Apigenin-o-glycoside, crotaverrine,
Leaf- A necic leatone is isolated
Stem- Taraxerol, B- Sitosterol etc. from the fixed oil of stem

Classical Categorisation

Charaka-
Vamanopaga –Group of herbs useful in inducing Vamana – emesis,
Moolini – Group of herbs having roots as medicinally used part.
Sushruta-
Urdhvabhagahara – Group of herbs useful in Dosha (morbid matters) from upper root (oral and nasal)
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Oshadhi Varga
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu, Dhanvantari Nighantu – Guduchyadi Varga
Raja Nighantu – Shatahvadi Varga

Properties, part used, dosage

Shanapuspi Medicinal Properties
Guna (qualities) – Laghu – light to digest, Rooksha – Dryness, Teekshna – strong, piercing
Rasa (taste) – Tikta – bitter, Katu – Pungent, Kashaya – Astringent
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya-Ushna – Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha and Pitta Doshas.
Prabhava – Vamaka – induces vomiting.
Part used- root, leaf
Dosage– Root powder 3-6 g; leaf juice 5-10 ml.

Sanskrit verse

Shanapushpi - Crotalaria verrucosa uses

Uses, indications

Crotalaria verrucosa medicinal uses:
Vamani – Root induces vomiting, useful in Vamana Panchakarma treatment

Indicated in:
Kantaroga – throat disorders, laryngitis
Hrudroga – cardiac disorders
Mukharoga – oral disorders
Ajeerna – indigestion
Jwara – fever
Raktadosha – blood disorders such as abscess, skin disorders, bleeding disorders such as menorrhagia, nasal bleeding etc.
In oral ulcers, leaf decoction is used for gargling.

Side effects

Because it is an emetic, it is not suitable to use this herb in pregnancy, lactation and in children.

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

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