Thespesia populnea – Portia Tree Uses, Dose, Research

Pareesha – Thespesia populnea (Linn) Soland ex corr is also called Indian Tulips tree. Its bark is astringent and is used in treating nasal bleeding, for vaginal douche etc.
Family- Malvaceae

Vernacular names

Names in different languages:
Hindi name- Parasapeepala
English name- Portia tree, Umbrella tree, Indian Tulip tree, Pacific Rosewood, Seaside Mahoe
Telugu name- Ganga ravi chettu
Tamil name – Puravasu பூவரசு
Kannada name – Bugari mara
Sinhalese name – Suriya
Malay name – Bebaru, Baru baru
Malayalam name – Poovarasu പൂവരശ്‌
Bengali name – Pakur

Flowers of Portia tree
Flowers of Portia tree

Sanskrit Synonyms

Gardabhanda, Pareesha, Kapitana, Kamandalu

Classical categorization

It is grouped under Panchavalkala – group of five astringent barks
Charaka – Mutra Sangrahaneeya – useful in urinary tract disorders

Distribution

Usually found in coastal parts of India.

Chemical composition

Thespesia populnea chemical composition:
Gossypol, Populneol, Calycopterin, Thespesone, Thespone
(Reference: Illustrated Dravyaguna VIjnana, Vol. II, by Dr JLN Shastry)

Portia tree

Medicinal properties

Portia tree – medicinal Properties:
Rasa (taste) – Kashaya (astringeht), (fruit- Amla – sour)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu – light to digest , Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Vipaka- Katu – Undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion
Veerya – Sheeta – Coolant

Effect on Tridosha: balances Kapha and Pitta Dosha

Thespesia populnea
Thespesia populnea

Part used, dosage

Part used- Stem bark
Dosage- Decoction 50-100 ml; powder 3-6 g

Sanskrit verse

Portia tree uses

Uses

Portia tree – Thespesia populnea uses:
Portia tree fruits are sweet and sour in taste,
Durjara – hard to digest,
Snigdha – unctuous, oily
Shukraprada – Shukrala – improves sperm and semen quantity and quality
Krumiprada – may cause intestinal worms
Kaphaprada – increases Kapha Dosha

Root, bark indications

Root and bark of Indian tulip tree is astringent in taste.
Root and barks are indicated in –
Prameha – Urinary tract disorders, diabetes
Asra – blood disorders such as abscess, skin disorders, bleeding disorders such as menorrhagia, nasal bleeding etc.
Kushta – skin diseases
Yonigada – Vaginal infection, excessive bleeding, uterine disorders
Vrana – Ulcers, wounds

It reduces excess body heat, burning sensation, useful in bleeding disorders, also useful in diabetes and obesity management.

Its bark decoction is used to cleanse wounds, to clear out slough and to heal faster. It is also as Vaginal douche, in case of infections.

External application

Its bark / root paste is applied externally to treat tinea infection

Interaction with medicines, supplements

Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.

Can this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets, Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.

With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.

Research

Antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic effects of Thespesia populnea fruit pulp
Anti psoriatic activity

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines with Parisha as ingredient:
Mutra Sangrahaneeya Kwatha

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