Tuvaraka plant is an ancient Ayurvedic herb used mainly in the treatment of skin diseases. It is in use since the time of Sushruta.
Its botanical name is Hydnocarpus wightiana / Hydnocarpus laurifolia.
It belongs to Flacourtiaceae family.
Table of Contents
Vernacular names, Sanskrit synonyms
Hindi name – Chalmogra, Chalmoogra
Bengali name – Choulmogara
Kannada name – Garuda Phala
Marathi name – Kadu Kaveet
Malayalam name – Kodi
Tamil name – Maravattai
Farsi name – Phiranjamogra
Telugu name – Adavi Badam
Katu Kapittha – Has pungent tasting fruit that looks similar to Kapittha fruit.
Kushta Vairi – Enemy of skin diseases
Alasakaapaha – useful in indigestion
Sushruta and Vagbhata have classified this herb as Ubhayato bhagahara – being useful both in Vamana and Virechana treatment, capable of expelling Doshas from both oral and anal routes.
Hydnocarpus laurifolia is an evergreen deciduous tree which grows up to 16 meters or more in height. Bark is brown in color, rough and fissured. Leaves are simple, alternate, oblong, ovate or elliptic, base is narrow, margins serrated. Flowers are small, greenish white in color, solitary or in fascicles, with 5 stamens. Male and female flowers are on separate plants. Fruits are globose with thick woody rind covered with short matted hairs. Seeds are numerous, subovoid, skin is smooth and grey in color, kernel oily and dark brown. It is embedded in white pulp and firmly adherent to the thin black testa.
It is a tree found in tropical forests and Western ghats of South India.
It contains hypnocarpic acid, chaulmoorgic acid and its homologues. It also contains oleic acid and palmitic acids.
fruit rind, seeds, seed oil.
Seed powder – 1 – 3 grams, in divided doses per day
Seed oil – 3 – 30 drops, based on doctor’s advice, usually administered along with ghee or butter.
Medicinal qualities of Hydnocarpus laurifolia
Rasa – Katu, Tikta (pungent and bitter tastes)
Guna (qualities) – Snigdha (unctuous, oily), Teekshna (piercing)
Vipaka – taste conversion after digestion – Katu (pungent)
Veerya (Potency) – Ushna – hot in nature.
Effect on Tridosha – Balances Kapha Doshas.
It is useful in the treatment of
Krimi – Intestinal worms, helminthiasis, infected wounds,
Kushta – skin diseases
Jwara – Fever
Anaha – bloating
Meha – diabetes
Arsha – piles
Vranashopha – wounds with inflammation
Because of its pain relieving quality, it is used in treating neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
Chalmoogra oil obtained from this plant is used in the treatment of skin diseases including leprosy.
It is extensively used for external application to relieve skin disorders, itching, non healing wounds, sinuses and abscesses. It also relieves pain.
Important medicines with Tuvaraka ingredient:
Tuvaraka Taila (Tuvaraka Oil)
Eladi tailam – used in hair treatment for skin diseases like allergic dermatitis, ring worm infection, urticaria.
Jatamayadi Choornam – helps to relieve burning sensation, pain and edema when applied externally.
Nisosiradi Thailam – heals wounds quickly
Research, side effects
Insecticidal activity, cytogencity and metabolism of fatty acid rich fraction of Hydnocarpus laurifolia, Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, Volume 87, Number 1, January–March 2005 , pp. 91-98(8) reference
Anti-diabetic Activity of Ethanolic Extract
There are no known side effects with this herb.
It is safe to use this during lactation and in children. Seek medical advice for usage during pregnancy.
Hydnocarpus laurifolia contains Chaulmoogric acid, hydnocarpic acid, palmitic acid. Seed oil contain chaulmoogric, hydnocarpic, gorlic, lignoceric, palmitic, oleic, and stearic acids
Interaction with medicines, supplements
Can this be used while taking Homeopathic medicine?
Yes. This product does not react with homeopathic medicine.
this medicine be continued while taking supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids etc?
Yes. Generally, this product goes well with most of the dietary supplements. However, if you are taking more than one product per day, please consult your doctor for an opinion.
With western medicines
Seek your doctor’s advice if you are taking this product along with other western (allopathic / modern) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can interact with modern medicine.
If both Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are advised together, then it is best to take Allopathic medicine first, wait for 30 minutes and then take the Ayurvedic medicine.
Kingdom – Plantae
Order – Malpighiales
Family – Flacourtiaceae
Genus – Hydnocarpus
Species – Laurifolia